Building custom Lineage OS. In this tutorial I'll walk you through the process of building your own Lineage OS right from source along with setting up the Linux Virtual Machine and Solutions for the common errors that you may face. This may sound lot more complicated than it actually is though. However, to completely understand and execute this you'll need a lot of patience and time.

First I'm going to start by installing Ubuntu OS on a virtual machine and then work my way around downloading the sources, completing the build and then finally fixing the errors that you may face while building Lineage OS. But its always better to have knowledge about using basic Linux terminal commands and Android operations. 

Depending on your computer and internet speed this process could take anywhere from 5 hours to even 5 days. You'll be downloading more than 15GB of source code Plus your computer hardware will determine the time taken for compiling the code. I have an Intel core i7 6700HQ and around 10 GB of ram associated to the virtual machine with a high-performance SSD and it took around 60-90 mins on the virtual machine, but if you were running Linux natively on your computer rather than on an virtual machine you'll get much better results. 

What you'll need:-

  1. A Android device with lineage OS support. See all the supported devices here.

  2. A computer running on Linux or OSX (see below for instructions on Ubuntu installation on an virtual machine)

  3. A minimum of 150 GB of disk space

  4. Reliable electricity and a fast internet connection.

  5. Patience! 


Part 1:- Setting Up Ubuntu Virtual machine for Building lineage OS.

The video below will show you how to setup the virtual machine with Ubuntu running.

Once the installation is done and you have changed to your nearest server enter the below commands into the terminal to update all the packages.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

 

Download Ubuntu Linux :- https://www.ubuntu.com/download/desktop

Download VMware Workstation Player :- http://bit.ly/1ph2jzC


Part 2:- Downloading the source code and building the Lineage OS .

Whatch it directly on Youtube!

1. Installing the SDK

•Type these commands into the terminal.

wget https://dl.google.com/android/repository/platform-tools-latest-linux.zip
unzip platform-tools-latest-linux.zip -d ~

 

•Now open the ~/.profile file to edit it using

sudo gedit ~/.profile

 

•Add the following lines of code at the end of the file and then Save and Exit the file

# add Android SDK platform tools to path
if [ -d "$HOME/platform-tools" ] ; then
PATH="$HOME/platform-tools:$PATH"
fi

 

•Now run the command

source ~/.profile

 

2. Installing Necessary build Packages 

   •Enter these commands in a single line in your terminal to start downloading and installing all the required packages

sudo apt-get install bc bison build-essential curl flex g++-multilib gcc-multilib git gnupg gperf imagemagick lib32ncurses5-dev lib32readline6-dev lib32z1-dev libesd0-dev liblz4-tool libncurses5-dev libsdl1.2-dev libwxgtk3.0-dev libxml2 libxml2-utils lzop pngcrush schedtool squashfs-tools xsltproc zip zlib1g-dev openjdk-8-jdk

 

3. Creating the directories

   •Type these commands to create three new directories

mkdir -p ~/bin
mkdir -p ~/android/system

 

4. Installing the repo command

  •Type the commands given below to download and grant permission to repo as this tool will be use to download all the source codes.

curl https://storage.googleapis.com/git-repo-downloads/repo > ~/bin/repo
chmod a+x ~/bin/repo

 



5. Put the ~/bin directory in your path of execution

•In recent versions of Ubuntu, ~/bin should already be in your PATH. You can check this by opening ~/.profile with a text editor using

sudo gedit ~/.profile

 

 •and by verifying that the following code exists if its missing add it if not then skip this step.

# set PATH so it includes user's private bin if it exists
if [ -d "$HOME/bin" ] ; then
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH"
fi

 

•if you added the above code then run this command

source ~/.profile

 

6. Initialize the LineageOS source repository 

•Enter the following to initialize the repository

cd ~/android/system
repo init -u https://github.com/LineageOS/android.git -b cm-14.1

•If you get an error like
fatal: unable to auto-detect email address (got [email protected](none)')
then run the below commands and remember to change email to your email address and user name to your name 

git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
git config --global user.name "Your Name"

 

  •Now again run the repo init if it failed at first attempt.

repo init -u https://github.com/LineageOS/android.git -b cm-14.1

 

 7. Download the source code

  •Run this command to start the download of source code onto your computer but note that this may take a very long time depending on your computer as you'll be downloading more than 15 GB of files.

repo sync

 



8. Prepare the device-specific code 

  •After the source has been downloaded run the following command to setup the device specific code.

source build/envsetup.sh
breakfast bacon

 

Note: Breakfast bacon where bacon is the code name for the device OnePlus One and instead of bacon you have to enter the code name of your device. Example for nexus 6P you'll enter 'breakfast angler' here angler is the code name for nexus 6P. If you don't know the code name for your device then you can check that here.

9. Turn on caching to speed up build process

 •Run this command to speed up the nightly builds.

export USE_CCACHE=1

 

•Now add the above line at the end of your ~/.bashrc file and save and exit the file.

sudo gedit ~/.bashrc

 

•Now run the below command in the terminal to limit the maximum cache size to your need else this will fill all your disk with its cache.

prebuilts/misc/linux-x86/ccache/ccache -M 75G

 

  Note: 75G at the of the commands corresponds to how many GB of space you want to for cache if you're just building lineage OS for one device then you can allocate around 25-50 GB if you want to build lineage os for multiple devices then target at least around 75-100GB of cache disk space. 

 •You can also enable cache compression to save disk space but this will result in a slight bit of performance slowdown it's totally up to you to enable it or ignore it.

export CCACHE_COMPRESS=1

 

10. Configure Jack Compiler.

•Jack is a new compiler used from lineage 14 but it always runs out of memory so to fix this run the following command.

export ANDROID_JACK_VM_ARGS="-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 -XX:+TieredCompilation -Xmx4G"

 

•Also add the above line to the end of your ~/.bashrc file to configure it automatically

sudo gedit ~/.bashrc

 



11. Start the build.

   •Now type the below commands to start building Lineage OS for your device

croot
brunch bacon

 

Note: Brunch bacon where bacon is the code name for the device OnePlus One and instead of bacon you have to enter the code name of your device. Example for nexus 6P you'll enter 'brunch angler' here angler is the code name for nexus 6P. If you don't know the code name for your device then you can check that here.

*** It will be obvious if the build has succeeded or not. If succeeded, then the lineage OS installer package will be store in "/android/system/out/target/product/" then inside the folder that's named based on your device. In my case the builds are stored inside "/android/system/out/target/product/bacon/" ***


Part 3:- Fixing the most common errors.

You could face a lot of errors even if you follow the exact procedure so best advice is to be patient and google the issue! I'm sure someone will have the solution to the issue that you're facing. By saying that here are the solutions to few common issues that you may face.

Whatch it directly on Youtube!

1. Proprietary blobs error.

For most of the devices you're probably going to run into this problem while running the breakfast command.Proprietary blobs breakfast error

Even if the breakfast command looks like succeeded but when you run the brunch command for your device it will probably show you some error and say that the build failed.

All the above happens because we have to extract and get the propitiatory blobs from the device for which you'll be building lineage OS, but there are several problems with this like may be building an version for the device you don't have Etc...

So to overcome this this problem you can get the propitiatory blobs from 'TheMuppets'  repository in GitHub https://github.com/TheMuppets

  •You can do that by typing the below command in your terminal

sudo gedit .repo/local_manifests/local_manifests.xml

 

  •Now go to this manifests file link and copy the code from here. Then in the text editor that opened up you have to past the copied code from the above link and then save and exit the file. I'll just be building Lineage OS for OnePlus and Motorola devices so i have deleted all the other lines except the lines where my maufacturer is listed and it looks something like this.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<manifest>
<project name="TheMuppets/proprietary_vendor_motorola" path="vendor/motorola"/>
<project name="TheMuppets/proprietary_vendor_oneplus" path="vendor/oneplus"/>
</manifest>

 

 •Finally run repo sync to sync the changes you've made.

repo sync

 

2.Ninja wrapper error

While building lineage OS if you have followed all the steps until here you shouldn't get this error but sometimes it just doesn't work for no reason and may show you something like this.Ninja wrapper error

Before attempting to run the below command to fix the issue and take a look at what it says i wasn't able to recreate this error and had to fill up my storage device to get this error and it shows there that there is no space left and only then it shows the ninja error so i can just freeup mu sapce and the issue will be solved.

But sometimes it just shows this error with some bizarre errors and possibly the errors you maynot know of then you can run the below command to disable Ninja Wrapper.

•Just type the below command in the terminal and the error will be fixed

export USE_NINJA=false

 



 3.Jack Compiler Java heap size error.

Well we already discussed this above that jack runs out of memory and even though we fixed it above there is a slight bit if chance you may get the error which many look like the theseJack Compiler Java heap size error

GC overhead limit exceeded.
Try increasing heap size with java option '-Xmx<size>'.

•When you get an error like this you just have to increase the size by entering the below command.

export ANDROID_JACK_VM_ARGS="-Dfile.encoding=UTF-8 -XX:+TieredCompilation -Xmx4G"

Notice the above command at the end which says -Xmx4G where 4G corresponds to 4GB of space that we allowed it, even after this if you get this error just try increasing this by changing this to '-Xmx6G'  or something like that.

•Also remember to change the line at the end of your ~/.bashrc file to configure it automatically

sudo gedit ~/.bashrc

Well these are most common errors that you'll face while building Lineage OS well if you face any other issues comment down below.


We would love here from you about what you think about this Comment below. If you want to stay updated with our latest updates you can like our Facebook page or keep an eye on our website also follow us on Twitter @hacksandgeeks

5 COMMENTS

  1. Hi
    Thank you so much for your effort.
    I am getting the following error:
    *** Please tell me who you are.

    Run

    git config --global user.email "[email protected]"
    git config --global user.name "Your Name"

    to set your account's default identity.
    Omit --global to set the identity only in this repository.

    fatal: unable to auto-detect email address (got '[email protected](none)')

    I tried running these command to resolve above problem:
    git config –global user.email “s****[email protected]
    git config –global user.name “s****37”
    repo init -u https://github.com/LineageOS/android.git -b cm-14.1

    But still got the same error

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here